Such a proposal would have been regarded as highly radical even a decade ago, and would have been unlikely to be considered as a serious policy option along with fixed and floating exchange rates.
Allam and Achim Goerres Miriam S. As of Aprilhe will be an assistant professor at the University of Cologne. Their objective is to contribute to the cumulative improvement of theoretical knowl- edge.
The papers can be ordered from the institute for a small fee hard copies or downloaded free of charge PDF. Their next challenge is the entry to the eurozone. Thus, the dynamics of public opinion toward the euro become crucial for political leaders. We test three perspectives — economic, political, and historical-ide- ational — with individual-level survey data from eight countries and conclude that the combined model best explains variations in support for the euro.
In an environment of volatility in post-communist Europe, macro variables of economic and historical- ideational factors have the strongest impact on individual attitudes, while micro-vari- ables of economic self-interest do not further our understanding of euro support.
Thus, distributional issues matter less than the aggregate national performance and experi- ence. Political parties that garner support for the euro should therefore concentrate on economic consolidation and political stability rather than politicizing a winner—loser cleavage.
Auf der Individualebene haben die Vari- ablen, die materielles Eigeninteresse messen, nur geringe Aussagekraft. Mutually exclusive or complementary perspectives? Discussion of results and their implications for theory and policy 23 Appendix 25 References 26 Allam, Goerres: Adopting the Euro in Post-Communist Countries 5 Why do some individuals support the introduction of the euro and others not?
Why is support in some countries higher than in others? Understanding these dynamics of domestic opposition to or support for the euro is important for the new EU member states because they are under the legal obligation to join the eurozone. This is even more relevant to those countries that have called for public legitimation of eurozone entry by holding referenda.
Monetary policy is a strange animal: For example, changes in exchange rate policy have an impact on various other policies, such as social, wage, and fiscal policy, with consequences at the international and domestic levels.
Despite this complexity, most individuals nonetheless have an opinion on the in- troduction of the euro. This might be explained by the fact that the currency, the money, the cash belong to our everyday life.
It is familiar to us, and changing the currency needs practical adaptation from everyone. The purpose of this article is to analyze why citizens in the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe hold different attitudes toward the euro.
The analyti- cal framework tests three main perspectives in a quantitative survey analysis of Euro- barometer data: We con- clude that our combined model of the three perspectives is more powerful in explaining individual attitudes toward the euro than the more parsimonious models.
Section 1 presents the three perspectives and suggests how they can be fruitfully com- bined. In section 2, we discuss the empirical approach, the data, and the hypotheses.
In section 3, we conduct the analyses. Section 4 discusses the results and concludes the article. It is available from the Central Archive, Co- logne. InSlovenia was the only country of this group that joined the euro area. Slovakia is expected to follow in For the other Central and Eastern European countries, the timing is still unknown; official announcements are not consistent, and target dates vary from to To analyze the variations in support, we draw upon the literature of public opinion on both European integration and the euro.
An analysis combining insights from both strands moderates the risks associated with omitted variable bias, i. Economic explanations Economic models explain support for and opposition to the euro with reference to utilitarian factors. With regard to public opinion on the euro in the old EU member states, Gabel shows that economic interests are closely related to the distributional consequences of exchange rate stability, inflation policy, cross-border shopping, and capital market liberalization.
Those citizens whose income, amount of capital assets, and level of Allam, Goerres: Adopting the Euro in Post-Communist Countries 7 occupational skills are high relative to the national average are more supportive. They benefit from eurozone membership reducing the transaction costs for cross-border capital investments.1 The idea of having a single currency across the region.
2. Optimum Currency Area Criteria and Volatility in ASEAN experienced substantial ERV despite adopting a crawling peg exchange rate regime. Between and , the Indonesian Rupiah was the most volatile of Optimum Currency Area Criteria and Volatility in ASEAN . The paper concludes that although the constraints on the adoption of a common currency by ASEAN are formidable, the long-run goal of a common currency for the region may be worth considering.
The Single European Act committed EU countries to adopting a common currency by January 1, True False Establishment of the euro created the largest currency zone in the world, replacing the position the U.S. dollar had held for decades. Challenges of adopting single currency in ASEAN However, assisting a single currency may be even more challenging than introducing it.
Srinivasa Madhur () indicate that ASEAN will encounter a number of limitations on the implementing of a single currency: the huge gap between the income level. 2 I. Introduction Background Construction of a Currency Union is the last policy steps taken towards regional integration.
Currency Union defines as an area where a single currency is commonly used. Debate related with pros and cons in adopting a common currency in ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) countries has . The Philippines is aiming to become the blockchain hub of Asia by creating the region’s version of Silicon Valley in its northernmost tip in the Cagayan Valley.
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